EU Member States spend a significant amount of human and financial resources on strengthening border security.
Is such investment justified, considering that more than 95% of border crossings at the EU's external borders are made by persons who do not have any issue with border control authorities? The debate addresses the question of whether the way border control is organised makes sense from the cost/benefit point of view. It also looked at the resources the states dedicate to controlling flows of migrants (both regular and irregular) at present and whether that expense is reasonable, given that the numbers of irregular migrants are statistically much more limited.
The debate focused on two aspects: innovative technological solutions for border checks used by different states; and the varying methodologies adopted by states throughout the world for carrying out border checks.